Its shares falling by -3.7% today, Cal-Maine Foods seems to be confirming what most analysts are saying about the stock. Despite its average rating of hold, might the stock be attractive to long term value investors? Let's unpack some of the company's fundamentals to find out.
Let's start our value analysis with the price to book (P/B) ratio. This is perhaps the most basic measure of a company's valuation, which is its market value divided by its book value. Book value refers to the sum of all of the company's tangible assets minus its liabilities -- you can also think of it as the company's equity value.
Traditionally, value investors would look for companies with a ratio of less than 1 (meaning that the market value was smaller than the company's book value), but such opportunities are very rare these days. So we tend to look for company's whose valuations are less than their sector and market average. The P/B ratio for Cal-Maine Foods is 1.48, compared to its sector average of 4.12 and the S&P500's average P/B of 2.95.
The most common metric for valuing a company is its Price to Earnings (P/E) ratio. It's simply today's stock price of 48.89 divided by either its trailing or forward earnings, which for Cal-Maine Foods are $12.97 and $1.49 respectively. Based on these values, the company's trailing P/E ratio is 3.8 and its forward P/E ratio is 32.8. By way of comparison, the average P/E ratio of the Consumer Staples sector is 21.21 and the average P/E ratio of the S&P 500 is 15.97.
The problem with P/E ratios is that they don't take into account the growth of earnings. This means that a company with a higher than average P/E ratio may still be undervalued if it has extremely high projected earnings growth. Conversely, a company with a low P/E ratio may not present a good value if its projected earnings are stagnant.
When we divide Cal-Maine Foods's P/E ratio by its projected 5 year earnings growth rate, we obtain its Price to Earnings Growth (PEG) ratio of 0.1. A PEG ratio of 1 or less may indicate the company is undervalued in terms of its growth potential. On the other hand, a PEG ratio higher than 1 could indicate that investors are paying too high a premium for these growth levels. Bear in mind, however, that the 5 year earnings growth estimate could very well be an over or underestimate!
Indebted or mismanaged companies can't sustain shareholder value for long, even if they have strong earnings. For this reason, considering Cal-Maine Foods's ability to meet its debt obligations is an important aspect of its valuation. By adding up its current assets, then subtracting its inventory and prepaid expenses, and then dividing the whole by its current liabilities, we obtain the company's Quick Ratio of 6.086. Since CALM's quick ratio is higher than 1, its total liquid assets are sufficient to meets its current liabilities.
One last metric to check out is Cal-Maine Foods's free cash flow of $726.44 Million. This represents the total sum of all the company's inflows and outflows of capital, including the costs of servicing its debt. It's the final bottom line of the company, which it can use to re-invest or to pay its investors a dividend. With such healthy cash flows, investors can expect Cal-Maine Foods to keep paying its 8.5% dividend.
Are analysts missing the big picture on Cal-Maine Foods? Or did they unearth some damning information to consider about the company that trumps the stock's strong valuation and growth potential?